click below to see the main causes of each disease and ways to avoid them

 

 

Diabetes

 

What is Diabetes ?

Diabetes means that your blood sugar is too high. Your blood always has some sugar in it because the body uses sugar for energy; it's the fuel that keeps you going. But too much sugar in the blood is not good for your health.

 

Your body changes most of the food you eat into sugar. Your blood takes the sugar to the cells throughout your body. The sugar needs insulin to get into the body's cells. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas, an organ near the stomach. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood. Insulin helps the sugar from food get into body cells. If your body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work right, the sugar can't get into the cells, so it stays in the blood. This makes your blood sugar level high, causing you to have diabetes.

 

If not controlled, diabetes can lead to blindness, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, amputations (having a toe or foot removed, for example), and nerve damage. In women, diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy and make it more likely that your baby will be born with birth defects.

 

Types

  • Type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in children and young adults, but it's a lifelong condition. If you have this type of diabetes, your body does not make insulin, so you must take insulin every day. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes taking insulin shots or using an insulin pump, eating healthy, exercising regularly, taking aspirin daily (for some), and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol.

     

  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes about 9 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. In type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin, but the insulin can't do its job, so sugar is not getting into the cells. Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes taking medicine, eating healthy, exercising regularly, taking aspirin daily (for some), and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol.

Who gets diabetes?

About 20 million Americans have diabetes, about half of whom are women. As many as one third do not know they have diabetes.

 

Type 1 diabetes occurs at about the same rate in men and women, but it is more common in Whites than in minorities.

 

Type 2 diabetes is more common in older people, mainly in people who are overweight. It is more common in African Americans, Hispanic Americans/Latinos, and American Indians.

 

 

Who is at risk ?

  • Those Who are older than 45

  • Overweight/obese

  • High Blood pressure

  • High Cholesterol

  • Couch potatoes

  • History of heart disease, stroke or diabetes


How to avoid Diabetes...  Use your head !

Like every other illness we have discussed we play a major role in causing our own problems. The answer is simple live a Wise & Healthy Life.

 

See next section.

 

 

 

 
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