click below to see the main causes of each disease and ways to avoid them

 

 

Respiratory Disease

 

Upper and lower respiratory infections, including pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia, are exceedingly common and the cause of significant morbidity and mortality around the world.  Pneumonia, especially, is a known killer.  Pneumonia is the most deadly infectious disease in the US, causing on the order of 100,000 deaths annually.  It is the 6th leading cause of death in that country.  Approximately 5.1 million cases are reported each year.

Causes of pneumonia in adults include not only S. pneumonia and H.influenzae but also Legionella, which is a leading cause of both community-acquired and hospital-acquired pneumonia.  There are 25,000 to 100,000 cases of Legionnairesí Disease reported in the US annually, and this is one of the most overlooked causes of pneumonia.  The mortality rate associated with Legionnairesí Disease is 25% to 40%, so the need to detect Legionella quickly is high.

 

Other Common respiratory diseases include:

  • Asthma - constriction of hypersensitive airways;

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - lung disease causing shortness of breath;

  • Chronic Bronchitis - inflammation and permanent scarring of the bronchial tubes

  • Emphysema - damage to air sacs walls causing loss of elasticity;

  • Pleurisy - inflammation of the pleural membrane lining lungs and the chest cavity;

  • Lung Cancer - malignant tumors that develop in lung tissue

  • Acute Bronchitis- inflammation of the bronchial tubes;

  • Influenza - serious infection cause by the influenza virus;

  • Pneumonia - infection of the lungs caused by a virus or bacteria;

  • Sinusitis - inflammation of the sinus cavities;

  • Common Cold - infection caused by a virus;

How to avoid suffering from Respiratory disease.

  • Do not smoke;

  • Avoid respiratory irritants (pollen, dust, air pollution);

  • Cardiovascular exercise;

  • Healthy, nutritious diet;

  • Regular medical check-ups;

  • Flu and pneumonia immunizations;

  • Use Home air purifiers or Home humidifiers depending on type of A/C;

  • Remove allergens from the home, including dust, dust mites, cleaning chemicals, pets and carpets.

  • Encase mattresses and box springs in allergen-proof products.

  • Wash all linens, blankets, quilts and comforters at least once a week in hot water.

  • Use only allergen-proof pillows and blankets.

  • Clean the home thoroughly and often.

  • Treat any mold with a 10-percent solution of bleach and water.

  • Repair any water leak immediately to discourage mold.

  • Establish a no smoking policy in the home.

  • Drink at least eight glasses of water daily, to thin mucus in the respiratory system airways

 

   

 

 

 

 

 
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